Last Update: 11 September 2022, 08:13 IST
Vinayak Narhari Bhave popularly known as Vinoba Bhave is considered the national teacher of India. A strong supporter of human rights and non-violence, he is considered the spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi. Widely known as Acharya Vinoba Bhave, he is regarded as the originator of the Bhoodan movement. Bhave was well versed in several languages including Kannada, Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu and Sanskrit.
He translated the Gita into Marathi and named it Gitai. He refused to eat food for several days considering it to be a samadhi-maran. Bhave left for his heavenly abode on 15 November 1982.
To mark the birth anniversary of Acharya Bhave, let’s take a look at some lesser known facts about him:
- Bhave was affectionately called Vinya in his family and was the eldest of five siblings.
- His mother from Karnataka had a great influence on him. He was inspired to read the Gita.
- In 1918, instead of appearing for an examination in Bombay, Bhave threw his books into the fire. This happened when he read an article by Mahatma Gandhi.
- Bhave wrote a letter to Gandhi and received an invitation to attend a meeting in Ahmedabad.
- Bhave became an active participant in many activities like spinning, teaching, studying in the ashram and improving the life of the community.
- At the behest of Gandhi, Bhave took over the command of the ashram at Wardha on 8 April 1921.
- He started the publication of Maharashtra Dharma in 1923. It was initially a monthly magazine detailing the teachings of the Upanishads.
- Between 20 and 30, Bhave was arrested several times for his involvement in non-violence resistance against the British Raj. He was jailed for five years during his 40s.
- He lived in a hut in the Sabarmati Ashram which is known as ‘Vinoba Kutir’ and gives discourses on Gita from there.
- In 1940, Bhave was chosen by Gandhi as the ‘first individual Satyagrahi’ against the British Raj in India.
- Bhave played an important role in the Quit India Movement.
- The Bhoodan movement developed in a village called Bhoodan Pochampally in Telangana.
- From 1951 to 1964, Bhave toured the whole country for 13 years.
- In 1965, Bhave started the Toofan Yatra which lasted for four years.
- Bhave took a vow of celibacy and followed it throughout his life. He devoted his life to religious work and freedom struggle.