World Rose Day 2021: Know the types, early symptoms and detection of cancer

World Rose Day is celebrated every year on 22 September to honor those battling the deadly disease. The day is celebrated in the memory of Melinda Rose, who was diagnosed with a rare type of blood cancer at the age of twelve. He spent his entire life inspiring others to fight this disease. Below, we discuss the most common types of cancer, the early symptoms that point to the disease, and their detection.

" class="story_para_1">Cancer is a term used to describe a number of diseases that involve the growth and division of cells beyond normal levels. Such cells eventually spread to other parts of the body and cause many complications. If not detected and treated in time, they reduce the patient’s quality of life and lead to early death. Cancer can develop due to environmental factors such as pollution and radiation, diet, lifestyle, infection and genetic factors.

types of cancer

There are four major types of cancer. They are carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma (classified under sarcoma) and leukemia. Carcinomas form on the skin and tissues and are the most common form of cancer. Breast cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer and prostate cancer are carcinomas. Sarcomas occur on muscles, cartilage, tendons, bone, joints, lymph, blood vessels, nerves, and fat cells. Lymphoma occurs on the lymphatic system, whereas leukemia or blood cancer originates in the bone marrow.

early signal

Abnormal cell growth causes many complications in the body’s systems. It can be difficult for a patient to identify symptoms related to cancer as they occur in other diseases as well. Some of the early signs of cancer are sores and sores that do not heal, swollen lumps or glands that do not subside, persistent tiredness, frequent fever, persistent cough and hoarseness, unusual discharge or bleeding, loss of appetite. , weight loss, and jaundice in the elderly.

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Cancer is diagnosed after a high level of clinical suspicion and a family history of cancer. This is followed by laboratory tests such as tumor markers, X-rays, CT scans, MR scans, PET scans and radiological tests such as mammography. Cancer is eventually confirmed by biopsy of the affected areas.

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